TB Symptoms and Treatment in Kids
TB Symptoms and causes in children are quite different from elders, know what are these Children’s TB is quite different from adults’ TB. TB Symptoms and causes in children are also different.
Learn about TB Symptoms and treatment in kids.
TB is a very serious and dangerous disease. The biggest thing is that it is an infectious disease that spreads from one person to another. TB disease is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, it is true that the TB of children is quite different from the TB of adults.
TB Symptoms and causes in children are also different. If there is a TB symptoms patient in everyone’s home, then the chances of having it in the child increase by 80 percent. TB is a lung related disease. In this disease, the child starts having trouble in breathing. Children’s organs are very fragile, so TB is more effective on them. Let us know how TB occurs in children.
How is child TB different from adults?
Negative pulmonary TB is the common type of TB in children. Most children are too young to give mucus for screening, so gastric ravage is another option for detecting TB in children. Extra-pulmonary TB is another type of recurrent TB in children.
Common types of this include :-
- Miliary TB.
- TB meningitis.
- TB of the lymph nodes.
- Spinal TB.
- TB is caused by primary lung TB.
- TB is more common and severe in children infected with malnutrition, HIV or measles.
Pulmonary tuberculosis in children
A 3-year-old girl who has been suffering from recurrence of cough and fever attacks for the past one year. Despite repeated antibiotics, cough medicines and vaccinations, the child is not improving. Kids suffered from poor weight gain, anemia, and loss of appetite.
A detailed examination revealed that she has pneumonia below the lower lobe. Detailed history revealed that he had contact with a maid suffering from TB. Her tuberculin skin test was negative and sputum could not be obtained. She responded to a 6-month course of anti-TB drugs.
Stomach tuberculosis in kids
AJ is a 6-year-old child with recurrent abdominal pain, poor weight gain, intermittent fever. Various medicines were given to him by various doctors but there was no improvement. Her investigations revealed that there was an increase in ESR, lesions in the chest x-ray, swelling of the abdominal lymph node. Whereas, he did not have a sputum or biopsy of lymph nodes for examination, he was diagnosed with TB. She responded well to a course of anti-TB drugs in 6 months.
Brain tuberculosis in kids
There is a 7 year old boy who has fever, headache and vomiting symptoms for two months. A year ago his father was undergoing treatment for TB. By the time of recruitment, the child had developed Altered Sensorium, Grade 2 coma, and convulsions. Her head cat scan revealed multiple tuberculomas (TB tumors in the brain). In addition he had skin tests positive for TB, increased ESR, and chest X-rays indicating tuberculosis. This case of cerebral tuberculosis was successfully treated for 9 months and he recovered completely.
Prevention of tuberculosis in children
BCG vaccination :- Every newborn in our country should be given a BCG vaccine. Although the BCG vaccine is not completely effective against pulmonary TB symptoms, it does provide better protection against more serious diseases such as miliary TB or meningitis TB.
Drug treatment of TB Symptoms
- It is very important that TB is diagnosed and treated early in children.
- Properly implemented short course chemotherapy (SCC) is the preferred treatment in modern times.
- Major drugs for TB include isoniazid, rifampicin, porazinamide, streptomycin, ethambutol, and thiacetone.
- Now the short course chemotherapy (DOTS) is being given more importance.
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Important Note :-
“The information provide in this website is for only knowledge purpose, not for treatment of any disease. After read this article please contact and confirm by our doctor”.
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