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Noval Corona Virus – COVID – 19
Noval Corona virus (COVID-19) is an communicable disease caused by a newly discovered corona virus which is originate in China at Wuhan from November 2019.
Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus are going to be children and adulthood person from mild to moderate respiratory disease and recover without requiring special treatment.
Older people, and people with underlying medical problems like disorder, diabetes, chronic respiratory disorder, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.
Spreading and Prevention of Corona Virus (COVID – 19)
The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
The best way to prevent and cut down transmission is be informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes and the way it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol based rub frequently and not touching your face.
At now, there are not any specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments.
Why do the virus and also the disease have different names?
Corona virus is known as supported their genetic structure to facilitate the event of diagnostic tests, vaccines and medicines. Virologists and also the wider scientific community try this work, so viruses are named by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV).
Diseases are named to enable discussion on disease prevention, spread, transmissibility, severity and treatment. Diseases are officially named by World Health Organization (WHO) within the International Classification of Diseases (ICD).
ICTV announced “severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)” because the name of the new virus on 11 February 2020. This name was chosen because the virus is genetically associated with the corona virus to blame for the SARS. Finally WHO announced “COVID-19” because the name of this new disease on 11 February 2020.
Full type of Corona Virus (COVID – 19)
CO – Corona.
VI – Virus.
D – Disease.
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Corona virus Symptoms
(COVID-19) Reported illnesses have ranged from people with mild symptoms to people being severely ill and dying.
Symptoms can include:
- Shortness of breath
COVID-19 typically causes flu-like symptoms including a fever and cough and 80 you look after Cases are mild condition.
In some patients – particularly the elderly et al. with other chronic health conditions – these symptoms can be converted into pneumonia, with chest tightness, pain, and shortness of breath. It seems to start out with a fever, followed by a dry cough. After every week, it can cause shortness of breath, with about 20% of patients requiring hospital treatment.
Notably, the COVID-19 infection rarely seems to cause a runny nose, sneezing, or raw throat (these symptoms are observed in just about 5% of patients). raw throat, sneezing, and stuffy nose are most frequently signs of a chilly .
80% of cases are mild
Based on all 72,314 cases of COVID-19 confirmed, suspected, and asymptomatic cases in China as of February 11, a paper by the Chinese CCDC released on February 17 and published within the Chinese Journal of Epidemiology has found that:
- 9% of infections are mild (with flu-like symptoms) and may recover at home.
- 8% are severe, developing severe diseases including pneumonia and shortness of breath.
- 7% as critical and may include: respiratory failure, septic shock, and multi-organ failure.
- In about 2% of reported cases the virus is fatal. Risk of death increases the older you’re. Relatively few cases are seen among children.
How long do symptoms last?
Using available preliminary data, the Report of the WHO-China Joint Mission published on Feb. 28 by WHO which relies on 55,924 laboratory confirmed cases, observed the subsequent median time from symptoms onset to clinical recovery:
- Mild cases: approximately 2 weeks
- Severe or critical disease: 3 – 6 weeks
- Time from onset to the event of severe disease (including hypoxia): 1 week
- Among patients who have died, the time from symptom onset to outcome ranges from 2 – 8 weeks.
Information on Corona virus Symptoms from Government Health Officials
Canada Public Health Agency
The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) section dedicated to the 2019 novel corona virus states that:
- You may have little to no symptoms.
- You might not know you have got symptoms of COVID-19 because they’re the same as a chilly or flu.
- Symptoms may take up to 14 days to look after exposure to the virus. this can be the longest known infectious period for this virus.
Symptoms have included:
- Difficulty breathing
- Pneumonia in both lungs
- In severe cases, infection can cause death.
UK Government and NHS
The UK National Health Service (NHS) section dedicated to Corona virus (2019-nCoV) lists the subsequent because the main symptoms of corona virus:
- A cough
- A hot temperature
- Shortness of breath
The GOV.UK novel corona virus guidance for the general public page says:
- Typical symptoms of corona virus include fever and a cough that will make a severe pneumonia causing shortness of breath and breathing difficulties.
The GOV.UK clinical guidance on Novel corona virus (2019-nCoV): epidemiology, virology and clinical features notes that:
- Fever, cough or chest tightness, and dyspnoea are the most symptoms reported. While most cases report a mild illness, severe also are being reported, a number of whom require medical care.
The Australian department of Health informs that symptoms can range from mild illness to pneumonia, adding that some people will recover easily, while others may get very sick very quickly. consistent with their list of novel corona virus symptoms, people may experience:
- Flu-like symptoms like coughing, raw throat and fatigue
- Shortness of breath
COVID-19 Incubation Period: (2-14 days)
The time period (time from exposure to the event of symptoms) of the virus is estimated to be between 2 and 14 days supported the subsequent sources:
- The World Health Organization (WHO) reported an time period for COVID-19 between 2 and 10 days.
- China’s National Health Commission (NHC) had initially estimated an time period from 10 to 14 days.
- The United States’ CDC estimates the time period for COVID-19 to be between 2 and 14 days.
- cn, a number one Chinese online community for physicians and health care professionals, is reporting an time period of “3 to 7 days, up to 14 days”.
Corona virus time period
- 2-14 days represents this official estimated range for the novel corona virus COVID-19.
- However, a case with an time period of 27 days has been reported by Hubei Province government on Feb. 22.
- In addition, a case with an time period of 19 days was observed during a JAMA study of 5 cases published on Feb. 21.
- An outlier of a 24 days time period had been for the primary time observed during a Feb. 9 study. WHO said at the time that this might actually reflect a second exposure instead of an extended time period , which it wasn’t getting to change its recommendation.
COVID-19 Critical Items
List Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):
- Examination Gloves
- Surgical Gloves
- Protective Goggles
- Face shield
- Particulate respirator Mask
- Surgical Mask
- Lab screening test kit (94 tests)
- Lab confirmation test kit (94 tests)
- RT-PCR kit (100 tests)
- Lab extraction kit (250 extractions)
- Viral transport medium (swabs & tubes)
Clinical care equipment:
- Pulse oximeter – fingertip
- Concentrator O2, 10L, 230V, 50 Hz + acc.
- Ventilator patient, for adult, pediatric & neonate w/acc.
- CPAP 10 machine, w/twin flow meters
- CPAP unit w/nasal tubing and mask for adult
- Flow meter, Thorpe tube, for oxygen 0-15L/min
- Suction pomp, mechanical (twin pump)
- High flow nasal cannula
Basic protective measures against the new corona virus
Stay alert to the newest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and thru your national and native public health authority.
Most people who become infected experience mild illness and recover, but it may be more severe for others. watch out of your health and protect others by doing the following:
Wash your hands frequently
Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses which will get on your hands.
Maintain social distancing
Maintain a minimum of 1 meter (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which can contain virus.
If you’re too close, you’ll take a breath the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.
Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth
Hands touch many surfaces and may acquire viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and may cause you to sick.
Practice respiratory hygiene
Make sure you, and therefore the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. this suggests covering your mouth and nose along with your bent elbow or tissue once you cough or sneeze. Then eliminate the used tissue immediately.
Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses like cold, flu and COVID-19.
If you’ve got fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek treatment early
Stay home if you are feeling unwell. If you have got a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call beforehand. Follow the directions of your local health authority.
National and native authorities will have the foremost up to now information on the case in your area. Calling before will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the proper clinic. this may also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.
Stay informed and follow advice given by your healthcare provider
Stay informed on the newest developments about COVID-19. Follow advice given by your healthcare provider, your national and native public health authority or your employer on the way to protect yourself et al. from COVID-19.
National and native authorities will have the foremost up to this point information on whether COVID-19 is spreading in your area. they’re best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to safeguard themselves.
Comparison with other viruses
For comparison, the time period for the common flu (seasonal influenza) is usually around 2 days. time period for other corona viruses: SARS 2-7 days; MERS 5 days typically (range 2-14 days).
Noval Corona Virus
(COVID – 19)
2-14 or 0-24 days
As long as 10 days
5 days (range: 2-14)
As long as 7 days
2 days (1-4 range)
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